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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

VEGF induces S1P1 receptors in endothelial cells: Implications for cross-talk between sphingolipid and growth factor receptors.

Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a platelet-derived sphingolipid that binds to S1P1 (EDG-1) receptors and activates the endothelial isoform of NO synthase (eNOS). S1P and the polypeptide growth factor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) act independently to modulate angiogenesis and activate eNOS. In these studies, we explored the cross-talk between S1P and VEGF signaling pathways. When cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells were treated with VEGF (10 ng/ml), the expression of S1P1 protein and mRNA increased by approximately 4-fold. S1P1 up-regulation by VEGF was seen within 30 min of VEGF addition and reached a maximum after 1.5 h. By contrast, expression of neither bradykinin B2 receptors nor the scaffolding protein caveolin-1 was altered by VEGF treatment. The EC50 for VEGF- promoted induction of S1P1 expression was approximately 2 ng/ml, within its physiological concentration range. S1P1 induction by VEGF was attenuated by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein and by the PKC inhibitor calphostin C. Preincubation of bovine aortic endothelial cells with VEGF (10 ng/ml for 90 min) markedly enhanced subsequent S1P-dependent eNOS activation. VEGF pretreatment of cultured endothelial cells also markedly potentiated S1P- promoted eNOS phosphorylation at Ser-1179, as well as S1P-mediated activation of kinase Akt. In isolated rat arteries, VEGF pretreatment markedly potentiated S1P- mediated vasorelaxation and eNOS Ser-1179 phosphorylation. Taken together, these data indicate that VEGF specifically induces expression of S1P1 receptors, associated with enhanced intracellular signaling responses to S1P and the potentiation of S1P-mediated vasorelaxation. We suggest that VEGF acts to sensitize the vascular endothelium to the effects of lipid mediators by promoting the induction of S1P1 receptors, representing a potentially important point of cross-talk between receptor-regulated eNOS signaling pathways in the vasculature.[1]


  1. VEGF induces S1P1 receptors in endothelial cells: Implications for cross-talk between sphingolipid and growth factor receptors. Igarashi, J., Erwin, P.A., Dantas, A.P., Chen, H., Michel, T. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2003) [Pubmed]
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