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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regional distribution of guanine nucleotide-sensitive and guanine nucleotide-insensitive vasoactive intestinal peptide receptors in rat brain.

Based on the ability of guanine nucleotides to inhibit the binding of vasoactive intestinal peptide to its receptors, a guanosine 5'-triphosphate analog, guanylyl-imidodiphosphate, was used to differentiate two subtypes (or different functional states of a single subtype) of vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor in brain with in vitro autoradiography. In most brain regions, guanylyl-imidodiphosphate reduced vasoactive intestinal peptide binding between 40 and 60%. However, in the supraoptic nucleus, locus coeruleus, interpeduncular nucleus, facial nucleus, olfactory tubercle and periventricular hypothalamic nucleus, 80% or more of vasoactive intestinal peptide binding was inhibited. In other brain regions, including the medial geniculate, olfactory bulbs, and ventral thalamic nuclei, guanylyl-imidodiphosphate had little effect on vasoactive intestinal peptide binding. In liver, lung and intestine it also partly inhibited vasoactive intestinal peptide binding. Electrophoretic analysis of vasoactive intestinal peptide, covalently cross-linked to its receptors in brain membranes, revealed a pair of bands between 44,000 and 52,000 mol. wt, a component at 64,000 mol. wt and another at 92,000 mol. wt. All were displaceable with vasoactive intestinal peptide but guanylyl-imidodiphosphate displaced only the 64,000 mol. wt band suggesting that the GTP-sensitive vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor seen in brain sections has a molecular weight of about 61,000. The differential sensitivity to guanylyl-imidodiphosphate suggests the existence of at least two vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor subtypes in brain, with distinct regional distribution, and may reflect differential coupling to second messenger systems.[1]


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