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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

5-HT4 receptor activation induces relaxation and associated cAMP generation in rat esophagus.

Changes in mechanical events and intracellular levels of cAMP induced by the activation of the 5-HT4 receptor were investigated in the rat esophagus tunica muscularis mucosae preparation. Serotonin (5-HT) and 5 methoxytryptamine (5-MOT; 5-HT4 agonist) caused concentration-related relaxation responses, while 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT; 5-HT1 agonist), 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-amino-propane (DOI; 5-HT2 agonist) and 2-methyl-serotonin (2-methyl-5-HT; 5-HT3 agonist) were less active. The prokinetic agents, cisapride and renzapride also induced concentration-dependent relaxation of rat esophagus which was intermediate to 5-HT and 5-MOT in potency. The relaxation was not due to activity at receptors other than the 5-HT4 since methysergide (5-HT1 and 5-HT2 antagonist) and granisetron (5-HT3 antagonist) did not block the relaxant response to 5-HT while ICS 205930 (5-HT4 antagonist) antagonized this response (pA2 = 6.45). Serotonin also caused concentration-related increases in tunica muscularis mucosae cAMP with the rank order of efficacy of 5-HT agonists in raising tissue cAMP levels reflecting their relaxant activities (5HT greater than or equal to 5-MOT greater than 5-CT greater than DOI = 2-methyl-5-HT = control). Enhancement of cAMP concentrations was also observed following renzapride treatment. This cAMP relaxation response was specific for 5-HT4 receptor activation as demonstrated by the lack of ICS 205930 inhibition of rat esophagus relaxation caused by isoproterenol, 16,16-dimethyl-prostaglandin E2 and forskolin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. 5-HT4 receptor activation induces relaxation and associated cAMP generation in rat esophagus. Moummi, C., Yang, D.C., Gullikson, G.W. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1992) [Pubmed]
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