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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chemistry and anti-HIV properties of 2'-fluoro-2',3'-dideoxyarabinofuranosylpyrimidines.

The synthesis, chemistry, biochemistry, and anti-HIV activity of a series of 1-(2,3-dideoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-threopentofuranosyl)pyrimidines have been studied in an attempt to find useful anti-AIDS drugs. Synthesis is carried out via a 2,3-dideoxyribose intermediate which facilitates the preparation of analogues by removing the sugar 3'-hydroxyl group prior to, rather than after, condensation with a uracil or cytosine aglycon. The 2'-F-dd-uridine analogues 7a-d (with H, F, Cl, and CH3 substitution in the 5-position) as well as the 4-deoxy compound (12b) are nonprotective to ATH8 or CEM cells infected with HIV-1. In the corresponding cytidine series, the 5-chloro analogue (11) is inactive. However, 2'-fluoro-2',3'-dideoxyarabinosylcytosine, 10a, and its 5-fluoro analogue, 10b, are both active. While neither compounds is a potent as ddC or 5-F-ddC (2b), 10b gives complete protection against the cytopathic effects of HIV in both host cell lines. 2'-Fluoro substitution confers increased chemical and enzymatic stability on dideoxynucleosides. Even though dideoxy pyrimidine nucleosides are inherently more stable than the corresponding purine analogues toward acid-catalyzed cleavage of the glycosidic bond, 2'-fluoro substitution (10a) still increases stabilization relative to ddC (2b). No detectable deamination by partially purified cytidine deaminase is observed with the 2'-fluoro compounds 10a, 10b, or 11 under conditions which rapidly deaminate cytidine. A small amount of 2'-F-dd-ara-U (7a) is formed from 10a in monkey plasma after greater than 24 h of exposure. The octanol-water partition coefficients for the dideoxynucleosides in this study indicate their hydrophilic character, with log P values varying from -0.28 to -1.18.[1]


  1. Chemistry and anti-HIV properties of 2'-fluoro-2',3'-dideoxyarabinofuranosylpyrimidines. Siddiqui, M.A., Driscoll, J.S., Marquez, V.E., Roth, J.S., Shirasaka, T., Mitsuya, H., Barchi, J.J., Kelley, J.A. J. Med. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
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