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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The effects of beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists and a corticosteroid, budesonide, on the secretion of inflammatory mediators from monocytes.

1. The in vitro effects of the beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists (1 x 10(-9)-10(-5) M), terbutaline, salmeterol, and formoterol, on the release of inflammatory mediators, i.e. the eicosanoids leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and the cytokine interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), were assessed in cultures of human blood monocytes. For comparison, the effects of a 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, BW A4C (1 x 10(-9)-10(-5) M), and a corticosteroid, budesonide (1 x 10(-10)-10(-5) M) were also examined. Sotalol was used to investigate whether the actions of beta 2-agonists were mediated through beta-adrenoceptors. 2. Terbutaline, like budesonide, had no significant effect on LTB4 release, whereas BW A4C (IC50 = 2 x 10(-8) M) was a potent inhibitor. All concentrations of formoterol approximately halved the LTB4 secretion, whereas high concentrations (1 x 10(-7)-10(-5) M) only, of salmeterol, inhibited release. Only salmeterol, at high concentrations (greater than 1 x 10(-6) M), lowered the secretion of PGE2 in monocyte cultures. Formoterol and salmeterol reduced the secretion of IL-1 beta only at the highest dose (1 x 10(-5) M). In contrast, budesonide (greater than or equal to 1 x 10(-9) M) was a potent suppressant of this secretion. 3. Treatment of monocyte cultures with sotalol (1 x 10(-5) M) did not significantly antagonize the inhibitory effects of salmeterol and formoterol. These results suggest that the inhibitory action of these beta 2-agonists on the release of eicosanoids or IL-1 beta, is not mediated via beta 2-adrenoceptors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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