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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The positive chronotropic effect induced by BRL 37344 and CGP 12177, two beta-3 adrenergic agonists, does not involve cardiac beta adrenoceptors but baroreflex mechanisms.

The presence of a beta-3 adrenoceptor (in addition to the classical beta-1 and beta-2 adrenoceptors) and its involvement in the control of heart rate was investigated in the dog. Experiments were carried out in conscious normal and sinoaortic denervated dogs (i.e. animals deprived of baroreceptor pathways). In normal dogs, infusion of isoproterenol, BRL 37344 (4-[-[(2-hydroxy-(3-chlorophenyl) ethyl)-amino]propyl]phenoxyacetate) (a beta-3 adrenergic agonist) or CGP 12177 (4-[3-t-butylamino-2-hydroxypropoxy]benzimidazol-2- one) (a beta-1 beta-2 adrenergic antagonist reported to act as an agonist for the beta-3 adrenergic receptor) increased heart rate with an order of potency: BRL 37344 > isoproterenol >> CGP 12177. [125I]Cyanopindolol binding (2-2000 pM) was saturable and Scatchard analysis indicated the presence of an homogenous population of binding sites. KD was 12.8 +/- 18.5 pM and maximum binding was 94.2 +/- 12.5 fmol/mg of protein. Competition binding studies on dog heart membranes using 150 pM [125I] cyanopindolol indicated an order of potency (CGP 12177 > isoproterenol > BRL 37344) different from that observed in cardiovascular studies. Isoproterenol stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in heart membranes from normal dogs, whereas CGP 12177 and BRL 37344 were without any stimulating action. The positive chronotropic effects of isoproterenol, BRL 37344 and CGP 12177 were accompanied with a reduction in arterial blood pressure. In sinoaortic denervated animals, isoproterenol infusion provoked tachycardia and hypotension. BRL 37344 and CGP 12177 were without any significant effect on heart rate but induced a rapid and dramatic hypotension.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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