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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 
 

Characterization of a novel Long QT syndrome mutation G52R-KCNE1 in a Chinese family.

OBJECTIVES: To identify the underlying genetic basis of a Chinese pedigree with Long QT syndrome, the causally related genes were screened in a family and the functional consequence of the identified gene mutation was evaluated in vitro. METHODS: Mutations in the five defined Long QT syndrome related genes were screened with polymerase chain reaction and single-strand conformation polymorphism methods and direct sequencing. The electrophysiological properties of the identified mutation were characterized in the Xenopus oocyte heterologous expression system. RESULTS: A novel missense mutation, G to A at position 154 in the KCNE1 gene was identified in a Chinese Long QT syndrome family, which leads to an amino acid substitution of arginine (R) for glycine ( G) at position 52 (G52R-KCNE1). Of 26 family members (one DNA was not available), seven were mutation carriers and two of them with normal electrocardiogram. Compared with wild-type KCNE1/KCNQ1 channels, coexpression of G52R-KCNE1 with KCNQ1 in Xenopus oocytes did not amplify the KCNQ1 current amplitudes and slightly changed the activation kinetics of the KCNQ1 channels. Coexpression of KCNQ1 together with wild type KCNE1 and G52R-KCNE1 reduced the wild-type I(ks) current amplitude by 50%, whereas other biophysical properties of the I(ks) were not altered. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that glycine52 in the transmembrane domain is critical for KCNE1 function. The mutant G52R-KCNE1 has a dominant negative effect on I(ks) current, which reduces the I(ks) current amplitude and leads to a prolongation of the cardiac action potential. This could underlie the molecular mechanism of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death in those patients.[1]

References

  1. Characterization of a novel Long QT syndrome mutation G52R-KCNE1 in a Chinese family. Ma, L., Lin, C., Teng, S., Chai, Y., Bähring, R., Vardanyan, V., Li, L., Pongs, O., Hui, R. Cardiovasc. Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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