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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Leptin and wound inflammation in diabetic ob/ob mice: differential regulation of neutrophil and macrophage influx and a potential role for the scab as a sink for inflammatory cells and mediators.

In this study, we investigated the role of leptin for the inflammatory response in diabetes-impaired skin repair. We demonstrated, that systemic treatment of diabetic ob/ob mice with leptin blunted polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN), but not macrophage influx into the wound site. Closed wounds of leptin-administered mice were characterized by tremendous numbers of macrophage within the granulation tissue. In line, leptin supplementation potently attenuated epithelium-derived CXC- but not CC- chemokine expression. PMNs were preferentially located in the scab, but macrophages predominantly resided within the wound stroma of the animals. The scabs of nonhealing wounds were most likely to serve as sinks for bioactive inflammatory mediators, which were still capable to drive gene expression in keratinocytes in vitro. Differential effects of leptin on PMN and macrophage axes of inflammation must be indirect, as topical administration of leptin onto wounds of ob/ob mice did not reduce PMN influx into the wounded areas. Moreover, caloric-restricted, pair-fed ob/ob mice were characterized by impaired healing conditions that were associated with persisting PMNs. Interestingly, we documented the absence of leptin receptor expression in human diabetic foot ulcers. Thus, we show that leptin might function as a regulatory link between the endocrine and the immune system in the context of skin repair.[1]


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