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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Free and N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide copolymer-bound geldanamycin derivative induce different stress responses in A2780 human ovarian carcinoma cells.

The effects of geldanamycin (GA), 17-(3-aminopropylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (AP-GA), and N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide copolymer-AP-GA conjugate [P(AP-GA)] on A2780 human ovarian carcinoma cells at an equitoxic dose (2x IC(50)) were compared by the gene expression array analysis. All treatments resulted in similar gene expression profiles up to 12 h (e.g., down-regulation of CDK4 and up-regulation of APAF-1), although P(AP-GA)-treated cells showed delayed gene expression because of time-dependent internalization of the conjugate and intracellular drug release from P(AP-GA). However, AP-GA-treated cells showed elevated expression of HSP70 and HSP27 after 6 h compared with that observed by GA and P(AP-GA) treatments. Depletion of C-Raf, an HSP90 client protein, was observed in all treatments up to 12 h. Confocal microscopy using mesochlorin e(6) as a model drug revealed that drug release caused by the lysosomal cleavage of glycylphenylalanylleucylglycine oligopeptide spacer, used as GA derivative copolymer attachment/release point, was moderately fast. These results suggested that AP-GA treatment may activate stress-response pathways, whereas P(AP-GA) treatment may suppress them and trigger signaling pathways essential to cell growth arrest and death by inducing an HSP90-active factor. Although GA and P(AP-GA) treatments induced a time-dependent increase in HSP70 and HSP27 protein expression (detected by Western blotting analysis), AP-GA treatment resulted in more rapid and more intense expression of both proteins. Our results suggest that conjugation of AP-GA to N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide copolymer may be able to modulate the cell stress responses induced by AP-GA because of differences in its internalization mechanism, subcellular localization, and intracellular concentration gradients.[1]


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