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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mechanisms of the biphasic responses to endothelin-3 in dog coronary arteries.

1. Endothelin-3 (ET-3) elicited relaxations at low concentrations (up to 10(-8) M) and contractions at higher concentrations in dog isolated coronary arteries precontracted with prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha). The relaxation by ET-3 was not affected by endothelium denudation nor treatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine, but was abolished or reversed to a contraction by treatment with indomethacin and markedly suppressed by tranylcypromine, a PGI2 synthetase inhibitor, or diphloretin phosphate, a prostaglandin receptor antagonist. ET-1 produced only concentration-dependent contractions. 2. BQ-123, a new selective ETA receptor antagonist, caused relaxation of the strips contracted with ET-3 in a dose-dependent manner and prevented the ET-3-induced contraction but did not affect the contraction produced by PGF2 alpha. The relaxation caused by ET-3 was enhanced by treatment with BQ-123. 3. It is concluded that the relaxations elicited by ET-3 in dog coronary arteries are mediated via liberation of PGI2 by activation of non-ETA receptors, located in subendothelial tissues, possibly smooth muscle cells, whereas the peptide-induced contractions are mediated via ETA receptors.[1]


  1. Mechanisms of the biphasic responses to endothelin-3 in dog coronary arteries. Okamura, T., Matsumoto, T., Ikemoto, F., Toda, N. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1992) [Pubmed]
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