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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pyridoxine biosynthesis in yeast: participation of ribose 5-phosphate ketol-isomerase.

To identify the genes involved in pyridoxine synthesis in yeast, auxotrophic mutants were prepared. After transformation with a yeast genomic library, a transformant (A22t1) was obtained from one of the auxotrophs, A22, which lost the pyridoxine auxotrophy. From an analysis of the plasmid harboured in A22t1, the RKI1 gene coding for ribose 5-phosphate ketol-isomerase and residing on chromosome no. 15 was identified as the responsible gene. This notion was confirmed by gene disruption and tetrad analysis on a diploid prepared from the wild-type and the auxotroph. The site of mutation on the RKI1 gene was identified as position 566 with a transition from guanine to adenine, resulting in amino acid substitution of Arg-189 with lysine. The enzymic activity of the Arg189-->Lys (R189K) mutant of ribose 5-phosphate ketolisomerase was 0.6% when compared with the wild-type enzyme. Loss of the structural integrity of the protein seems to be responsible for the greatly diminished activity, which eventually leads to a shortage of either ribose 5-phosphate or ribulose 5-phosphate as the starting or intermediary material for pyridoxine synthesis.[1]


  1. Pyridoxine biosynthesis in yeast: participation of ribose 5-phosphate ketol-isomerase. Kondo, H., Nakamura, Y., Dong, Y.X., Nikawa, J., Sueda, S. Biochem. J. (2004) [Pubmed]
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