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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Involvement of K+ channels and calcium-dependent pathways in the action of T3 on amino acid accumulation and membrane potential in Sertoli cells of immature rat testis.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the involvement of calcium in K+ currents and its effects on amino acid accumulation and on the membrane potential regulated by tri-iodo-L-thyronine (T3) in Sertoli cells. Immature rat testes were pre-incubated for 30 min in Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate buffer and incubated for 60 min in the presence of [14C]methylaminoisobutyric acid with and without T3 or T4 (dose-response curve). Specific channel blockers or chelating agents were added at different concentrations during pre-incubation and incubation periods to study the basal amino acid accumulation and a selected concentration of each drug was chosen to analyze the influence on the stimulatory hormone action. All amino acid accumulation experiments were carried out in a Dubnoff metabolic incubator at 32 degrees C, pH 7.4 and gassed with O2:CO2 (95:5; v/v). Seminiferous tubules from immature Sertoli cell-enriched testes were used for the electrophysiology experiments. Intracellular recording of the Sertoli cells was carried out in a chamber perfused with KRb with/without T3, T4 or blockers and the membrane potential was monitored. We found that T3 and T4 stimulated alpha-[1-14C] methylaminoisobutyric acid accumulation in immature rat testes and induced a membrane hyperpolarization in Sertoli cells. The action of T3 on amino acid accumulation and on the hyperpolarizing effect was inhibited by the K(+)-ATP channel blocker tolbutamide as well as the voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel blocker verapamil. These results clearly demonstrate for the first time the existence of an ionic mechanism related to Ca2+ and K+ fluxes in the rapid, nongenomic action of T3.[1]


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