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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Estrogen-producing steroidogenic pathways in parietal cells of the rat gastric mucosa.

Recently we demonstrated the presence of aromatase (P450(arom)), estrogen synthetase, and the active production of estrogen in parietal cells of the rat stomach. We therefore investigated the steroidogenic pathways of estrogen and also other steroid metabolites in the gastric mucosa of male rats, by showing the mRNA expression of steroidogenic enzymes using RT-PCR and in situ hybridization histochemistry, and by measuring the blood concentration of steroids in the artery and the portal vein. RT-PCR analysis showed the strong mRNA expression of 17alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase (P450(17alpha)), 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) type III and P450(arom), and the weak mRNA expression of 17beta-HSD type II, 5alpha-reductase type I and 3alpha-HSD. The other mRNAs of steroidogenic enzymes examined were not detected. In situ hybridization histochemistry demonstrated the localization of mRNAs for P450(17alpha), 17beta-HSD type III and P450(arom) in the parietal cells. Higher levels of progesterone and testosterone were found in the artery compared with the portal vein. Higher amounts of estrone and 17beta-estradiol, by contrast, were present in the portal vein compared with the artery. These results indicate that parietal cells of rat stomach convert circulating progesterone and/through androstenedione and testosterone to synthesize both estrone and 17beta-estradiol, which then enter the liver via the portal vein.[1]


  1. Estrogen-producing steroidogenic pathways in parietal cells of the rat gastric mucosa. Ueyama, T., Shirasawa, N., Ito, T., Tsuruo, Y. Life Sci. (2004) [Pubmed]
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