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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Absence of an essential role for thymic stromal lymphopoietin receptor in murine B-cell development.

The murine cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin ( TSLP) supports the development of B220+ IgM+ immature B cells and induces thymocyte proliferation in vitro. Human TSLP, by contrast, activates CD11c+ dendritic cells, but not B or T cells. Recent studies have demonstrated that the receptor for TSLP consists of a heterodimer of the interleukin 7 ( IL-7) alpha chain and a novel protein that resembles the hematopoietic cytokine receptor common gamma chain. We examined signal transduction by the gamma-like chains using chimeric receptor proteins. The cytoplasmic domain of the human, but not of the murine, gamma-like chain, activates Jak2 and Stat5 and supports the proliferation of hematopoietic cell lines. In order to assess the role of the murine gamma-like chain in vivo, we generated gamma-like chain-deficient mice. Receptor-deficient mice are unresponsive to TSLP but exhibit no obvious phenotypic defects. In particular, hematopoietic cell development appeared normal. B-cell development, including the IgM+ compartment, was unaffected by loss of the TSLP pathway, as were T lymphopoiesis and lymphocyte proliferation in vitro. Cytokine receptors that utilize the common gamma chain signal through the lymphocyte-specific kinase Jak3. Mice deficient in Jak3 exhibit a SCID phenotype but harbor a residual B220+ splenic lymphocyte population. We demonstrate here that this residual lymphocyte population is lost in mice lacking both the gamma-like chain and Jak3.[1]

References

  1. Absence of an essential role for thymic stromal lymphopoietin receptor in murine B-cell development. Carpino, N., Thierfelder, W.E., Chang, M.S., Saris, C., Turner, S.J., Ziegler, S.F., Ihle, J.N. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
 
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