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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase v is associated with prognosis and histology in non-small cell lung cancers.

PURPOSE: N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V), a key enzyme in the formation of branching of asparagine-linked oligosaccharides, is strongly linked to tumor invasion and metastasis of colon and breast cancers. However, GnT-V is expressed in many tissues, including normal lung. GnT-V expression has not been examined previously in human lung cancers. The objective of this study is to examine GnT-V expression in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) and to determine its relationship to biological and clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: GnT-V expression was studied by immunohistochemistry in 217 surgically resected NSCLCs and analyzed statistically in relation to various characteristics. RESULTS: High GnT-V expression was found in 113 (52.1%) NSCLCs, and low GnT-V expression was found in 104 (47.9%) NSCLCs. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed a significant association between low GnT-V expression and squamous cell carcinomas, as compared with nonsquamous cell carcinomas (P = 0.02). Among biological characteristics of tumors, Ki-67 labeling index was higher in tumors with low GnT-V expression than in those with high GnT-V expression, although this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.09). Patients with tumors having low GnT-V expression had significantly shorter survival time than patients with tumors having high GnT-V expression in 103 patients with pStage I NSCLCs (5-year survival rates, 49% and 86%, respectively; P = 0.0009), as well as in 59 patients with pStage I non-squamous cell carcinomas (5-year survival rates, 54% and 89%, respectively; P = 0.007). Low GnT-V expression was a significant unfavorable prognostic factor in pStage I NSCLCs (hazard ratio, 2.86; P = 0.002) and in pStage I nonsquamous cell carcinomas (hazard ratio, 3.02; P = 0.02). Furthermore, beta1-6 branching of asparagine-linked oligosaccharides, which are products of GnT-V, were increased highly or moderately in 8 of 10 tumors with high GnT-V expression, as judged by leukoagglutinating phytohemagglutinin staining. CONCLUSIONS: GnT-V expression is associated with histology in NSCLCs. Low GnT-V expression is associated with shorter survival and poor prognosis in pStage I overall NSCLCs and non-squamous cell carcinomas.[1]


  1. Expression of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase v is associated with prognosis and histology in non-small cell lung cancers. Dosaka-Akita, H., Miyoshi, E., Suzuki, O., Itoh, T., Katoh, H., Taniguchi, N. Clin. Cancer Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
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