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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sperm membrane protein (hSMP-1) and RanBPM complex in the microtubule-organizing centre.

hSMP-1 is a human sperm membrane protein expressed during development. It is a testis-specific component produced during male germ cell differentiation. Proteins that interact with hSMP-1 were identified by the application of the yeast two-hybrid system. One of the components, RanBPM, was found to be associated with hSMP-1 under both in vitro and in vivo conditions. In the human testis, RanBPM is produced in spermatogonia and primary spermatocytes, suggesting expression during the early stages of spermatogenesis; whereas in the rat testis, it is located in round and elongated spermatids, similar to hSMP-1, suggesting expression of both components during spermiogenesis. Images obtained by immunofluorescence and confocal scanning microscopy of CHO-K1 cells co-transfected with pEGFP-C1-hSMP-1 and pDsRed1-Nl-RanBPM revealed that RanBPM and hSMP-1 are distributed in discrete loci throughout the cytoplasm. When superimposed, the stained spots appeared as congruent yellow areas, indicative of co-localization and probable complex formation of these two components. This interaction between hSMP-1 and RanBPM may be involved in the process of male germ cell differentiation. In CHO-Kl cells transfected with pEGFP-Cl-hSMP-1, the exogenously expressed hSMP-1 was found to co-localize with alpha-tubulin. Depolymerization of microtubules can be induced in CHO-Kl cells by cold treatment. In cells transfected with the pEGFP-Cl vector, the dispersed tubulins promptly reassembled upon warming. However, in cells transfected with pEGFP-Cl-hSMP-1, reassembly of the dispersed tubulins was blocked even upon rewarming of the cells. These findings suggest that hSMP-1 interacts with tubulins and thereby may modulate microtubule assembly and/or activity.[1]


  1. Sperm membrane protein (hSMP-1) and RanBPM complex in the microtubule-organizing centre. Tang, X., Zhang, J., Cai, Y., Miao, S., Zong, S., Koide, S.S., Wang, L. J. Mol. Med. (2004) [Pubmed]
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