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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enhanced expression of interleukin-8 and activation of nuclear factor kappa-B in endoscopy-negative gastroesophageal reflux disease.

OBJECTIVE: Interleukin-8 (IL-8) mediates neutrophil trafficking via its receptors. Recent studies have shown that IL-8 is likely involved in the development and progression of erosive reflux esophagitis (RE), yet little is known about its implication in endoscopy-negative gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The purpose of this study was to determine IL-8 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression levels in endoscopy-negative GERD, along with assessment of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation, which upregulates IL-8 expression. METHODS: We studied 31 patients with endoscopy-negative GERD, 15 patients with erosive RE, and 15 asymptomatic controls. Paired biopsy samples were taken from the esophagus 3 cm above the gastroesophageal junction; one biopsy was snap-frozen for measurement of IL-8 mRNA levels by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and another was formalin-fixed for histopathological evaluation. In nine endoscopy-negative GERD patients, the IL-8 mRNA expression levels were measured before and 8 wk after treatment with lansoprazole. We also sampled additional specimens for NF-kappaB-DNA binding assay and immunohistochemical analyses of NF-kappaB p65 and p50 subunits, IL-8 and specific IL-8 receptor, CXCR-1. RESULTS: The relative IL-8 mRNA expression levels were significantly higher in esophageal mucosa of patients with endoscopy-negative GERD than those of the controls. The presence of basal zone hyperplasia and intraepithelial neutrophils, histopathological hallmarks of GERD, were associated with higher levels of IL-8 mRNA. Lansoprazole treatment significantly reduced the IL-8 mRNA expression levels. The esophageal epithelium of patients with GERD showed intense immunoreactivity for IL-8, and expressed CXCR-1 antigen. We found NF-kappaB activation in esophageal mucosa in GERD patients and the NF-kappaB subunits were localized predominantly in the nuclei of IL-8-expressing cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate enhanced mucosal expression of IL-8 in incipient GERD even without mucosal breaks. NF-kappaB activation may be implicated in the pathogenesis in GERD.[1]


  1. Enhanced expression of interleukin-8 and activation of nuclear factor kappa-B in endoscopy-negative gastroesophageal reflux disease. Isomoto, H., Saenko, V.A., Kanazawa, Y., Nishi, Y., Ohtsuru, A., Inoue, K., Akazawa, Y., Takeshima, F., Omagari, K., Miyazaki, M., Mizuta, Y., Murata, I., Yamashita, S., Kohno, S. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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