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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Association of MHC class I related gene B (MICB) to celiac disease.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Celiac disease ( CD) is an enteropathic disorder characterized by strong association with HLA-DQ2. Our aim was to investigate whether MICB, a gene located in the MHC class I region, may contribute to CD susceptibility. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Total of 133 CD patients, previously reported to be associated with MICA-A5.1, and 116 controls were initially analyzed. Twenty-eight additional DQ2-negative CD patients were also studied. MICB was typed by PCR using sequence-specific primers. HLA-B, -DRB1, -DQA1, -DQB1, and MICA were also typed. RESULTS: The allele MICB0106 was strongly associated with CD (pc < 0.000001, odds ratio (OR) = 5.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 3.1-10.1) and it was overrepresented in atypical patients compared with typical ones (pc = 0.04, OR = 2.9, CI = 1.4-6.1). MICB0106 was part of DR3-DQ2 haplotype (B8-MICA-A5.1-MICB0106-DR3-DQ2), and consequently a strong linkage disequilibrium between MICB0106 with DQ2 (lambdas = 1) and MICA-A5.1 (lambdas = 0.55) was found. To analyze whether the association of MICB is independent of this haplotype, its association was also studied in DQ2-negative patients (n = 46). DQ8 (28%vs 9%, p = 0.0085, pc = NS) and MICB0104 (52%vs 30%, p = 0.01, pc = NS) were increased in DQ2-negative patients. MICA-A5.1 was significantly increased in atypical patients (p(c)= 0.001, OR = 6.4, CI = 2.2-18.4), and this association was independent of DQ2 and DQ8 (pc = 0.02, OR = 2.6, CI = 1.1-6.1). CONCLUSIONS: The expression of MIC genes on enterocytes under stressful conditions and their function as ligands of intraepithelial gammadelta and CD8 T cells, together with the data presented here suggest a potential role of MIC genes in the pathogenesis of CD.[1]


  1. Association of MHC class I related gene B (MICB) to celiac disease. González, S., Rodrigo, L., López-Vázquez, A., Fuentes, D., Agudo-Ibáñez, L., Rodríguez-Rodero, S., Fdez-Morera, J.L., Martínez-Borra, J., López-Larrea, C. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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