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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Involvement of histone deacetylation in ras- induced down-regulation of the metastasis suppressor RECK.

RECK is a membrane-anchored glycoprotein that may negatively regulate matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and inhibit tumor metastasis. Previous study demonstrated that oncogenic ras inhibited RECK expression via an Sp1 binding site in the RECK promoter. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism by which ras inhibited RECK expression. Co-transfection assay showed that Sp1 and Sp3 are transactivators, rather than repressors, for RECK gene. So, we tested whether ras activation induced the binding of histone deacetylases (HDACs) to Sp1 to repress RECK expression. Our data showed Sp1- associated HDAC1 in cells was increased after ras induction. By using DNA affinity precipitation assay, we found that induction of oncogenic ras enhanced the binding of HDAC1 to the DNA probe corresponding to the Sp1 site in the RECK promoter. Additionally, a HDAC inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) potently antagonized the inhibitory action of ras on RECK. The signaling pathway by which ras suppresses RECK was also addressed. Induction of oncogenic ras activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase ( ERK), but not c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38(HOG) kinase in 2-12 cells. Addition of PD98059 or overexpression of dominant-negative mutant of ERK2 indeed reversed ras- mediated inhibition of RECK promoter activity. Taken together, our results suggest that oncogenic ras represses RECK expression via a histone deacetylation mechanism.[1]


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