The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification and characterization of AGS4: a protein containing three G-protein regulatory motifs that regulate the activation state of Gialpha.

Activators of G-protein signaling 1-3 (AGS1-3) were identified in a functional screen of mammalian cDNAs that activated G-protein signaling in the absence of a receptor. We report the isolation and characterization of an additional AGS protein ( AGS4) from a human prostate leiomyosarcoma cDNA library. AGS4 is identical to G18.1b, which is encoded by a gene within the major histocompatibility class III region of chromosome 6. The activity of AGS4 in the yeast-based functional screen was selective for G(i2)/G(i3) and independent of guanine-nucleotide exchange by G(i)alpha. RNA blots indicated enrichment of AGS4/G18.1b mRNA in heart, placenta, lung, and liver. Immunocytochemistry with AGS4/G18.1b-specific antisera indicated a predominant nonhomogeneous, extranuclear distribution within the cell following expression in COS7 or Chinese hamster ovary cells. AGS4/G18.1b contains three G-protein regulatory motifs downstream of an amino terminus domain with multiple prolines. Glutathione S-transferase (GST)-AGS4/G18.1b fusion proteins interacted with purified G(i)alpha, and peptides derived from each of the G-protein regulatory motifs inhibited guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate (GTPgammaS) binding to purified G(i)alpha(1). AGS4/G18.1b was also complexed with G(i)alpha(3) in COS7 cell lysates following cell transfection. However, AGS4/G18.1b did not alter the generation of inositol phosphates in COS7 cells cotransfected with the Gbetagamma- regulated effector phospholipase C-beta2. These data suggest either that an additional signal is required to position AGS4/G18.1b in the proper cellular location where it can access heterotrimer and promote subunit dissociation or that AGS4 serves as an alternative binding partner for G(i)alpha independent of Gbetagamma participating in G-protein signaling events that are independent of classical G-protein-coupled receptors at the cell surface.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities