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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparison of the effects of 1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol and prostaglandin E2 on orthodontic tooth movement.

This study compared the effects of local administrations of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25-DHCC) on orthodontic tooth movement in rats. Thirty-seven 6-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 160 +/- 10 g were used. Five rats served as the baseline control group. A fixed appliance system exerting 20 g of distally directed force was applied on the maxillary incisors of 32 animals for 9 days. Eight rats served as the appliance control group; 8 received a 20-microL injection of dimethyl sulfoxide (solvent for 1,25-DHCC) on days 0, 3, and 6; 8 received 20 microL of 10(-10) mol/L 1,25-DHCC on days 0, 3, and 6; 8 received a single injection of 0.1 mL of 0.1 microg PGE2 only on day 0. There was no significant difference in tooth movement between the PGE2 and the 1,25-DHCC groups. Both PGE2 and 1,25-DHCC enhanced the amount of tooth movement significantly when compared with the control group. The numbers of Howship's lacunae and capillaries on the pressure side were significantly greater in the PGE2 group than in the 1,25-DHCC group. On the other hand, the number of osteoblasts on the external surface of the alveolar bone on the pressure side was significantly greater in the 1,25-DHCC group than in the PGE2 group. Thus, 1,25-DHCC was found to be more effective in modulating bone turnover during orthodontic tooth movement, because its effects on bone formation and bone resorption were well balanced.[1]


  1. Comparison of the effects of 1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol and prostaglandin E2 on orthodontic tooth movement. Kale, S., Kocadereli, I., Atilla, P., Aşan, E. American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics. (2004) [Pubmed]
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