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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Different responsiveness in body weight and hepatic 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) type 1 mrna to 11beta-HSD inhibition by glycyrrhetinic acid treatment in obese and lean zucker rats.

Tissue-specific dysregulation of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) activity in obese humans and animals may be associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome. We investigated the effect of inhibition of 11beta-HSD with glycyrrhetinic acid (GE), an effective 11beta-HSD inhibitor, on body weight regulation in obese Zucker rats, which have a defect in the leptin receptor gene. GE (280 mg/kg/d) was administered in drinking water to 8-week-old male Zucker rats for 14 weeks. GE had no effect on food intake or weight gain, and did not affect hepatic 11beta-HSD1 and renal 11beta-HSD2 mRNA levels in obese rats. In contrast, average daily food intake and body weight on week 14 were significantly reduced by GE in lean rats (both P <.0001). Hepatic 11beta-HSD1 and renal 11beta-HSD2 mRNA levels were also significantly decreased by GE in lean rats (both P <.05). GE had no significant effect on plasma corticosterone levels in obese rats but lowered them in lean rats (P <.05). Plasma leptin levels declined in both GE-treated obese and lean rats (both P <.01). In conclusion, long-term GE treatment decreased weight gain in lean Zucker rats but not in obese Zucker rats. These findings suggest that the differing responses of 11beta-HSD1 to GE in obese and lean Zucker rats are closely associated with the different weight-gain responses. Furthermore, the weight-lowering effect of GE may require intact leptin receptors.[1]


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