The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Histone deacetylase inhibitor 4-phenylbutyrate suppresses GAPDH mRNA expression in glioma cells.

The histone deacetylase ( HDAC) inhibitor 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PB) is a non-toxic compound that can induce differentiation and promote maturation of various types of malignant cells. In the present study we show that 4-PB inhibit glioma cell proliferation, induce apoptosis and decrease mRNA expression of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase ( GAPDH) in a concentration-dependent manner. Proliferation of established rat glioma cell lines (RG2 and C6) in culture was significantly decreased after treatment with 4-PB (2-40 mM). Low concentrations of 4-PB (2-20 mM) induced cell differentiation followed by apoptosis, whereas higher concentrations of 4-PB (40 mM) induced cell necrosis. Also, low concentrations of 4-PB significantly decreased GAPDH mRNA expression in C6 and RG2 rat glioma cells, suggesting a link between decreased cell proliferation, energy consumption, and down-regulation of GAPDH gene expression. We have found that GAPDH mRNA expression is markedly increased in human glioblastoma tissues. Therefore, the novel effect of 4-PB described here may offer means to suppress growth of glioma cells by diminishing the key reaction in glycolysis as a therapeutic approach for cancer.[1]


  1. Histone deacetylase inhibitor 4-phenylbutyrate suppresses GAPDH mRNA expression in glioma cells. Appelskog, I.B., Ammerpohl, O., Svechnikova, I.G., Lui, W.O., Almqvist, P.M., Ekström, T.J. Int. J. Oncol. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities