The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Integrin alpha4beta7 and its counterreceptor MAdCAM-1 contribute to hematopoietic progenitor recruitment into bone marrow following transplantation.

Previous studies have shown that alpha4beta1 (very late activation antigen-4 [ VLA-4]) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 ( VCAM-1) play a major role in hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) homing to bone marrow (BM). However, the antibody used to block VLA-4 function in the mouse (hybridoma clone PS/2) is not specific to VLA-4 but inhibits both alpha4beta1 and alpha4beta7 integrins. Here we have evaluated the contribution of alpha4beta7 in HPC homing to BM. Lineage(neg)Sca-1(pos)c-kit(pos) cells from adult mouse BM and the factor-dependent cell progenitor (FDCP)-mix progenitor cell line express similar levels of alpha4beta7 by flow cytometry. The alpha4beta7 complex was functional since the chemokine CXCL12 enhanced the adhesion of FDCP-mix to immobilized mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 ( MAdCAM-1) and this was completely abrogated by anti-alpha4beta7 (hybridoma clone DATK32) or anti-alpha4 integrins (PS/2). BM intravital microscopy revealed that alpha4beta7 plays a predominant role in initial tethering and rolling but not in firm adhesion of FDCP-mix cells. Using homing assays, we demonstrate that alpha4beta7 on HPCs contributes to about half of all alpha4 integrin-mediated homing activity following BM transplantation. MAdCAM-1 is likely expressed since its inhibition significantly reduced HPC homing. Although there may be other alpha4beta7 integrin ligands involved (eg, fibronectin and VCAM-1), these data thus suggest that alpha4beta7 and its counterreceptor MAdCAM-1 represent a novel adhesion pathway mediating HPC homing to BM.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities