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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sialylated complex-type N-glycans enhance the signaling activity of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in mouse astrocytes.

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 ( ICAM-1) occurs as both a membrane and a soluble, secreted glycoprotein (sICAM-1). ICAM-1 on endothelial cells mediates leukocyte adhesion by binding to leukocyte function associated antigen-1 ( LFA-1) and macrophage antigen-1 (Mac-1). Recombinant mouse sICAM-1 induces the production of macrophage inflammatory protein-2 ( MIP-2) in mouse astrocytes by a novel LFA-1- and Mac-1-independent mechanism. Here we showed that N-glycan structures of sICAM-1 influence its ability to induce MIP-2 production. sICAM-1 expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was a more potent inducer of MIP-2 production than sICAM-1 expressed in HEK 293 cells, suggesting that posttranslational modification of sICAM-1 could influence its signaling activity. To explore the roles of glycosylation in sICAM-1 activity, we expressed sICAM-1 in mutant CHO cell lines differing in glycosylation, including Lec2, Lec8, and Lec1 as well as in CHO cells cultured in the presence of the alpha-mannosidase-I inhibitor kifunensine. Signaling activity of sICAM-1 lacking sialic acid was reduced 3-fold compared with sICAM-1 from CHO cells. The activity of sICAM-1 lacking both sialic acid and galactose was reduced 12-fold, whereas the activity of sICAM-1 carrying only high mannose-type N-glycans was reduced 12-26-fold. sICAM-1 glycoforms carrying truncated glycans retained full ability to bind to LFA-1 on leukocytes. Thus, sialylated and galactosylated complex-type N-glycans strongly enhanced the ability of sICAM-1 to induce MIP-2 production in astrocytes but did not alter its binding to LFA-1 on leukocytes. Glycosylation could therefore serve as a means to regulate specifically the signaling function of sICAM-1 in vivo.[1]


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