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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Signal transduction in anaplastic large cell lymphoma cells (ALCL) mediated by the tumor necrosis factor receptor CD30.

Expression of the cytokine receptor CD30 is a characteristic feature of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). Reports regarding CD30-mediated signaling in ALCL cells are highly controversial, especially with respect to the regulation of cell survival. In this study, we stimulated 6 ALCL-derived cell lines with immobilized anti-CD30 antibody. CD30-induced cell death was investigated by Western blot and FACS analysis. CD30-dependent cell proliferation and activation was analyzed by applying the trypan blue exclusion method and a luciferase-based ATP assay. The expression of cell cycle relevant proteins and the activation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases were also examined. We demonstrated that activation of CD30 did not lead to the cleavage of pro-caspase-3. FACS analysis confirmed that in all examined cells cell death was not mediated by CD30. Cell growth was strongly inhibited in 2 of the 6 cell lines and restrained cell growth was accompanied by expression of the cell cycle inhibitor p21(WAF1/CIP1). Furthermore, stimulation of CD30 led to the activation of the p38 MAP kinase but not of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase ( ERK) or the jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Interestingly, activation of CD30 induced a strong synergistic reduction of cell activity, if the p38 MAP kinase activity was blocked by SB203580. The aim of the study was to elucidate CD30-induced signaling in different ALCL-cells. Our results suggest that CD30- mediated apoptosis is not a common feature in this cell type and that p38 MAP kinase is involved in CD30-mediated singal transduction.[1]

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