The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor induces expression of lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 in vascular smooth muscle cells.

Receptor-mediated endocytosis of oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL) has been implicated in lipid accumulation and vascular cell dysfunction. Lectin-like Ox-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) is highly inducible by proinflammatory cytokines, as well as angiotensin II and Ox-LDL in vitro. LOX-1 is expressed in macrophages and smooth muscle cells accumulated in the intima of advanced atherosclerotic plaques in vivo. Here we show that heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF), a potent mitogen for vascular smooth muscle cells, induces LOX-1 expression in cultured bovine aortic smooth muscle cells. HB-EGF (1-100 ng/ml) induced LOX-1 expression, which was peaked between 8 and 16 h after HB-EGF stimulation. HB-EGF- induced expression of LOX-1 was suppressed by ZD1839, an inhibitor of EGF receptor phosphorylation. Both MEK and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors significantly blocked LOX-1 upregulation induced by HB-EGF. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase ( PI3K) inhibitors also blocked HB-EGF- induced LOX-1 expression. HB-EGF induced phosphorylation of ERK, p38 MAPK and Akt, which were suppressed by ZD1839. Upregulated expression of LOX-1 was associated with enhanced uptake of DiI-labeled Ox-LDL in smooth muscle cells. Taken together, HB-EGF can also act as an inducer of LOX-1 expression and play an integral role in foam cell transformation, cellular dysfunction, and proliferation of smooth muscle cells in atherogenesis.[1]

References

  1. Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor induces expression of lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 in vascular smooth muscle cells. Mukai, E., Kume, N., Hayashida, K., Minami, M., Yamada, Y., Seino, Y., Kita, T. Atherosclerosis (2004) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities