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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Muscle-specific interaction of caveolin isoforms: differential complex formation between caveolins in fibroblastic vs. muscle cells.

It is generally well accepted that caveolin-3 expression is muscle specific, whereas caveolin-1 and -2 are coexpressed in a variety of cell types, including adipocytes, endothelial cells, epithelial cells, and fibroblasts. Caveolin-1 and -2 are known to form functional hetero-oligomeric complexes in cells where they are coexpressed, whereas caveolin-3 forms homo-oligomeric high molecular mass complexes. Although caveolin-2 might be expected to interact in a similar manner with caveolin-3, most studies indicate that this is not the case. However, this view has recently been challenged as it has been demonstrated that caveolin-2 and -3 are coexpressed in primary cultures of cardiac myocytes, where these two proteins can be coimmunoprecipitated. Thus it remains controversial whether caveolin-2 interacts with caveolin-3. Here, we directly address the issue of caveolin isoform protein-protein interactions by means of three distinct molecular genetic approaches. First, using caveolin-1-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts, in which we have stably expressed caveolin-1, -2, or -3, we find that caveolin-1 interacts with caveolin-2 in this setting, whereas caveolin-3 does not, in agreement with most published observations. Next, we used a transfected L6 myoblast cell system expressing all three caveolin proteins. Surprisingly, we found that caveolin-1, -2, and -3 all coimmunoprecipitate in this cell type, suggesting that this interaction is muscle cell specific. Similar results were obtained when the skeletal muscle of caveolin-1 transgenic animals was analyzed for caveolin-1 and caveolin-3 coimmunoprecipitation. Thus we conclude that all three caveolins can interact to form a discrete hetero-oligomeric complex, but that such complex formation is clearly muscle specific.[1]


  1. Muscle-specific interaction of caveolin isoforms: differential complex formation between caveolins in fibroblastic vs. muscle cells. Capozza, F., Cohen, A.W., Cheung, M.W., Sotgia, F., Schubert, W., Battista, M., Lee, H., Frank, P.G., Lisanti, M.P. Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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