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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

IkappaB kinase beta phosphorylates Dok1 serines in response to TNF, IL-1, or gamma radiation.

Dok1 is an abundant Ras-GTPase-activating protein-associated tyrosine kinase substrate that negatively regulates cell growth and promotes migration. We now find that IkappaB kinase beta (IKKbeta) associated with and phosphorylated Dok1 in human epithelial cells and B lymphocytes. IKKbeta phosphorylation of Dok1 depended on Dok1 S(439), S(443), S(446), and S(450). Recombinant IKKbeta also phosphorylated Dok1 or Dok1 amino acids 430-481 in vitro. TNF-alpha, IL-1, gamma radiation, or IKKbeta overexpression phosphorylated Dok1 S(443), S(446), and S(450) in vivo, as detected with Dok1 phospho-S site-specific antisera. Moreover, Dok1 with S(439), S(443), S(446), and S(450) mutated to A was not phosphorylated by IKKbeta in vivo. Surprisingly, mutant Dok1 A(439), A(443), A(446), and A(450) differed from wild-type Dok1 in not inhibiting platelet-derived growth factor- induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation or cell growth. Mutant Dok1 A(439), A(443), A(446), and A(450) also did not promote cell motility, whereas wild-type Dok1 promoted cell motility, and Dok1 E(439), E(443), E(446), and E(450) further enhanced cell motility. These data indicate that IKKbeta phosphorylates Dok1 S(439)S(443) and S(446)S(450) after TNF-alpha, IL-1, or gamma-radiation and implicate the critical Dok1 serines in Dok1 effects after tyrosine kinase activation.[1]


  1. IkappaB kinase beta phosphorylates Dok1 serines in response to TNF, IL-1, or gamma radiation. Lee, S., Andrieu, C., Saltel, F., Destaing, O., Auclair, J., Pouchkine, V., Michelon, J., Salaun, B., Kobayashi, R., Jurdic, P., Kieff, E.D., Sylla, B.S. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2004) [Pubmed]
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