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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Possible role of Stat5a in rat mammary gland carcinogenesis.

Signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat) 5a is a transcription factor mediating the action of specific cytokines, growth factors and hormones on gene expression. In the mammary gland, Stat5a is well recognized for its function in prolactin signaling, lobuloalveolar development, and milk protein expression during pregnancy and lactation. Latent cytoplasmic Stat5a is activated by tyrosine phosphorylation and following dimerization undergoes nuclear import. In the current study, Stat5a expression was examined immunohistochemically in carcinomas induced by the chemical carcinogens 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine. A high percentage of carcinomas showed nuclear labeling of Stat5a [44 of 68 (65%)] with Stat5a nuclear labeling index ranging from 18 to 77%. In contrast, control normal mammary gland tissue displayed cytosolic expression. Carcinomas with different Stat5a staining patterns (cytoplasmic or nuclear) showed a statistical difference for the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) labeling, tumor differentiation, nuclear grade, mitotic activity, and tumor size. High Stat5a nuclear expression was closely correlated with the higher-grade carcinomas. Stat5a nuclear expression was also detected in intraductal proliferations (10 of 21 lesions) and in ductal carcinomas in situ (13 of 15 lesions). Immunohistochemical analysis was further carried out in human breast cancers. Stat5a nuclear expression was detected in ductal and lobular carcinomas and DCIS at a frequency of 48% (15/31), 33% (2/6), and 40% (2/5), respectively. Nuclear expression of Stat5a in human breast cancers also correlated with the PCNA nuclear labeling index. The findings implicate activated Stat5a in mammary gland cancer development in the rat and human.[1]


  1. Possible role of Stat5a in rat mammary gland carcinogenesis. Shan, L., Yu, M., Clark, B.D., Snyderwine, E.G. Breast Cancer Res. Treat. (2004) [Pubmed]
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