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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Integration of G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathways for activation of a transcription factor (EGR-3).

We recently reported the use of a gene-trapping approach to isolate cell clones in which a reporter gene had integrated into genes modulated by T-cell activation. We have now tested a panel of clones from that report and identified the one that responds to a variety of G-protein coupled receptors ( GPCR). The beta-lactamase tagged EGR-3 Jurkat cell was used to dissect specific GPCR signaling in vivo. Three GPCRs were studied, including the chemokine receptor CXCR4 (Gi-coupled) that was endogenously expressed, the platelet activation factor (PAF) receptor (Gq-coupled), and beta2 adrenergic receptor (Gs-coupled) that was both stably transfected. Agonists for each receptor activated transcription of the beta-lactamase tagged EGR-3 gene. Induction of EGR-3 through CXCR4 was blocked by pertussis toxin and PD58059, a specific inhibitor of MEK ( MAPK/ ERK kinase). Neither of these inhibitors blocked isoproterenol or PAF-mediated activation of EGR-3. Conversely, beta2- and PAF- mediated EGR-3 activation was blocked by the p38, specific inhibitor SB580. In addition, both beta2- and PAF- mediated EGR-3 activation could be synergistically activated by CXCR4 activation. This combined result indicates that EGR-3 can be activated through distinct signal transduction pathways by different GPCRs and that signals can be integrated and amplified to efficiently tune the level of activation.[1]

References

  1. Integration of G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathways for activation of a transcription factor (EGR-3). Tan, X., Sanders, P., Bolado, J., Whitney, M. Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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