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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of protein phosphatase 2A in mGluR5- regulated MEK/ERK phosphorylation in neurons.

The regulation of protein phosphorylation requires coordinated interaction between protein kinases and protein phosphatases (PPs). Recent evidence has shown that the Galphaq-protein-coupled metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) 5 up-regulates phosphorylation of MAPK/ERK1/2. However, signaling mechanisms linking mGluR5 to ERK are poorly understood. In this study, roles of a major serine/threonine PP, PP2A, in this event were evaluated in cultured neurons. We found that the PP1/2A inhibitors okadaic acid and calyculin A mimicked the effect of the mGluR5 agonists (RS)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine and (RS)-2-chloro-5-hydroxyphenylglycine in facilitating phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and its upstream kinase, MEK1/2, in a PP2A-dependent but not PP1-dependent manner. Co-administration of either inhibitor with an mGluR5 agonist produced additive phosphorylation of ERK1/2. Enzymatic assays showed a basal level of phosphatase activity of PP2A under normal conditions, and activation of mGluR5 selectively inhibited PP2A, but not PP1, activity. In addition, a physical association of the cytoplasmic C terminus of mGluR5 with PP2A was observed, and ligand activation of mGluR5 reduced mGluR5-PP2A binding. Additional mechanistic studies revealed that mGluR5 activation increased tyrosine (Tyr307) phosphorylation of PP2A, which was dependent on activation of a p60c-Src family tyrosine kinase, but not the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase and resulted in dissociation of PP2A from mGluR5 and reduced PP2A activity. Together, we have identified a novel, mGluR5- triggered signaling mechanism involving use- and Src-dependent inactivation of PP2A, which contributes to mGluR5 activation of MEK1/2 and ERK1/2.[1]


  1. Role of protein phosphatase 2A in mGluR5-regulated MEK/ERK phosphorylation in neurons. Mao, L., Yang, L., Arora, A., Choe, E.S., Zhang, G., Liu, Z., Fibuch, E.E., Wang, J.Q. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
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