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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Angiotensin II receptor blocker inhibits p27Kip1 expression in glucose-stimulated podocytes and in diabetic glomeruli.

BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by glomerular and tubular hypertrophy, and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are known to prevent renal hypertrophy in diabetic patients. METHODS: To determine the effect of ARB on podocyte p27(Kip1) mRNA and protein expression, podocytes were exposed to 5.6 mmol/L normal glucose or 25 mmol/L high glucose with or without ARB, 10(-7) mol/L L-158,809. For animal studies, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were left untreated or were treated with 1 mg/kg/day L-158,809 for 3 months (diabetes mellitus + ARB). Competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and morphometric analyses were performed. RESULTS: p27(Kip1) mRNA and protein expression in podocytes exposed to high glucose and in 3-month diabetic glomeruli were significantly increased (P < 0.01). High glucose significantly increased angiotensin II levels both in cell lysates and in media compared with normal glucose (P < 0.05) and exogenous angiotensin II also increased p27(Kip1) mRNA and protein expression in podocytes. L-158,809 treatment in podocytes inhibited the increase in p27(Kip1) mRNA expression by 84%, and protein expression by 89% (P < 0.05). p27(Kip1) mRNA and protein expression in diabetic + ARB glomeruli were also significantly reduced by 78% and 85%, respectively, compared with diabetic glomeruli (P < 0.01). ARB treatment also significantly ameliorated increased glomerular p27(Kip1) expression in diabetes mellitus as assessed by immunohistochemistry (P < 0.01). The increase in glomerular volume in diabetes mellitus was also inhibited by 81% with ARB treatment (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: p27(Kip1) mRNA and protein expression were increased in diabetic glomeruli as well as in high glucose-stimulated podocytes, and this increment in p27(Kip1) expression was ameliorated by ARB treatment. These findings indicate that ARB treatment has an additional effect on preventing renal hypertrophy in diabetes mellitus.[1]


  1. Angiotensin II receptor blocker inhibits p27Kip1 expression in glucose-stimulated podocytes and in diabetic glomeruli. Xu, Z.G., Yoo, T.H., Ryu, D.R., Cheon Park, H., Ha, S.K., Han, D.S., Adler, S.G., Natarajan, R., Kang, S.W. Kidney Int. (2005) [Pubmed]
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