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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Generation of antigen-specific, Foxp3-expressing CD4+ regulatory T cells by inhibition of APC proteosome function.

We tested the hypothesis that immature APC, whose NF-kappaB-signaling pathway and thus maturation was blocked by the proteosome inhibitor benzyloxycarbonyl-isoleucyl-glutamyl(O-tert-butyl)-alanyl-leucinal (PSI), could be a source of Ag-specific regulatory T (Treg) cells. DO11.10 CD4(+) T cells that were incubated with Ag- and PSI-pulsed APC proliferated poorly, produced less IL-2, IFN-gamma, and IL-10 in secondary cultures, and inhibited the response of both naive and memory CD4(+) T cells stimulated by Ag-pulsed APC. The generation of PSI-APC Treg cells required IL-10 production by APC. PSI-APC Treg cell inhibition required cell-cell contact but not IL-10 or TGF-beta. Addition of IL-2 did not reverse, but Ab to CTLA-4 did reverse partially the inhibitory effect. Depletion of CD25(+) T cells before initial culture with PSI-APC did not affect Treg generation. PSI-APC Treg cells expressed high levels of Foxp3, inhibited proliferation of naive DO11.10 T cells in vivo, and abrogated colitis driven by a memory Th1 response to bacterial-associated Ag. We conclude that NF-kappaB-blocked, immature APC are able to induce the differentiation of Treg cells that can function in vitro and in vivo in an Ag-specific manner.[1]


  1. Generation of antigen-specific, Foxp3-expressing CD4+ regulatory T cells by inhibition of APC proteosome function. Cong, Y., Konrad, A., Iqbal, N., Hatton, R.D., Weaver, C.T., Elson, C.O. J. Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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