The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The involvement of adherens junction components in myofibrillogenesis in cultured cardiac myocytes.

The distribution of adherens junction (AJ) components was investigated in cultured heart myocytes. These cells, derived from either newborn rats or chick embryos, develop elaborate arrays of myofibrils which become extensive and laterally aligned following several days in culture. The Z-disks in these cells, visualized by immunolabeling with antibodies to muscle-specific alpha-actinin, exhibit a characteristic periodicity of about 2 microns and are in register with those of neighboring myofibrils throughout the sarcoplasm. Vinculin, in these cells, associates with intercellular AJ and cell-matrix adhesions. In addition, this protein is detected in periodic bands located along the lateral cell membranes corresponding to "costamers" previously described by Pardo, J.V., Siliciano, J.D. and Craig, S.W. (Proc. Natn. Acad. Sci. USA, 80, 1008). Similarly, N-cadherin, which is predominantly associated with intercellular junctions, is also detected in periodic striations located mainly on the dorsal and lateral cell surfaces. Using computer-aided three-dimensional microscopy confirmed that these vinculin- and N-cadherin-containing structures are located in extrajunctional sites, apparently associated with Z-disks of peripheral myofibrils. Based on these findings an alternative pathway is proposed for the assembly of vinculin and N-cadherin, which is not triggered by adhesive interactions with extracellular surfaces but rather by interactions at the membrane-cytoplasm interphase with the periphery of the pre-assembled myofibrils. Moreover, we present evidence that antibodies to N-cadherin, which are capable of blocking AJ formation in culture, have an inhibitory effect also on the development and alignment of myofibrils. We discuss the functional significance of the "costameric" organization of vinculin and N-cadherin and consider its involvement both in the lateral alignment of neighboring muscle cells and in the stabilization of developing myofibrils.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities