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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Inhibition of calpain blocks pancreatic beta-cell spreading and insulin secretion.

In addition to promoting insulin secretion, an increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) triggered by glucose has been shown to be crucial for spreading of beta-cells attached on extracellular matrix (804G matrix). Calpains are Ca(2+)-dependent cysteine proteases involved in an extended spectrum of cellular responses, including cytoskeletal rearrangements and vesicular trafficking. The present work aimed to assess whether calpain is also implicated in the process of Ca(2+)-induced insulin secretion and spreading of rat pancreatic beta-cells. The results indicate calpain dependency of beta-cell spreading on 804G matrix. Indeed, treatment with three distinct calpain inhibitors (N-Ac-Leu-Leu-norleucinal, calpeptin, and ethyl(+)-(2S,3S)-3-[(S)-3-methyl-1-(3-methylbutylcarbamoyl)butyl-carbamoyl]-2-ox-iranecarboxylate) inhibited cell spreading induced by glucose and KCl, whereas cell attachment was not significantly modified. Calpain inhibitors also suppressed glucose- and KCl-stimulated insulin secretion without affecting insulin synthesis. Washing the inhibitor out of the cell culture restored spreading on 804G matrix and insulin secretory response after 24 h. In addition, incubation with calpeptin did not affect insulin secretory response to mastoparan that acts on exocytosis downstream of intracellular calcium [Ca(2+)]i. Finally, calpeptin was shown to affect the [Ca(2+)]i response to glucose but not to KCl. In summary, the results show that inhibition of calpain blocks spreading and insulin secretion of primary pancreatic beta-cells. It is therefore suggested that calpain could be a mediator of Ca(2+)-induced-insulin secretion and beta-cell spreading.[1]

References

  1. Inhibition of calpain blocks pancreatic beta-cell spreading and insulin secretion. Parnaud, G., Hammar, E., Rouiller, D.G., Bosco, D. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. (2005) [Pubmed]
 
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