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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Morphine alters the selective association between mu-opioid receptors and specific RGS proteins in mouse periaqueductal gray matter.

In the CNS, several regulators of G-protein signalling (RGS) modulate the activity of mu-opioid receptors. In pull-down assays performed on membranes from mouse periaqueductal gray matter (PAG), mu-opioid receptors co-precipitated with delta-opioid receptors, Gi/o/z/q proteins, and the regulators of G-protein signalling RGS4, RGS9-2, RGS14, RGSZ1 and RGSZ2. No RGS2, RGS7, RGS10 and RGS11 proteins were associated with the mu receptors in these PAG membranes. In mice, an intracerebroventricular dose of 10 nmol morphine produced acute tolerance at mu receptors but did not disrupt the co-precipitation of mu-delta receptor complexes. However, this opioid reduced by more than 50% the co-precipitation of G alpha i/o/z subunits with mu receptors, and altered their association with some of the RGS proteins at 30 min, 3 h and 24 h after its administration. The association of RGS9-2 with mu receptors diminished by 30-40% 24 h after the administration of morphine, while that of RGSZ2 and of RGSZ1 increased. Morphine treatment recruited RGS4 to the PAG membranes, and 30 min and 3 h after the opioid challenge its association with mu receptors had increased. However, 24 h after morphine administration, the co-precipitation of RGS4 had decreased by about 30%. The opioid produced no change in the membrane levels of RGS9-2, RGS14, RGSZ1 and RGSZ2. Thus, in PAG synaptosomal membranes, a dynamic and selective link exists between, mu-opioid receptors, Gi/o/z proteins and certain RGS proteins.[1]


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