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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of a unique nonsecretory ribonuclease from urine of pregnant women.

We have reported previously [Sakakibara, et al. (1991) Chem. Pharm. Bull. 39, 146-149] that a protein purified from a partially purified pharmaceutical preparation of human chorionic gonadotropin (a urinary protein preparation from pregnant women) is a unique nonsecretory ribonuclease (RNase)-like protein on the basis of its amino terminal sequence homology. We purified the protein further from the same materials by gel filtration and reversed-phase column chromatographies with RNase activity as an index. The purified protein was designated RNase UpI-2. The catalytic activity and its sensitivity to inhibition by divalent cations suggest that the protein is related to nonsecretory RNase. The estimated molecular weight of RNase UpI-2 (38 kDa) by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was significantly higher than that of urinary nonsecretory RNases (13 to 19 kDa) reported so far. After trifluoromethanesulfonic acid treatment, the molecular weight of RNase UpI-2 was reduced and approached that of nonsecretory RNase, which indicated that the protein contains a significant amount of carbohydrate (approximately 50%). RNase UpI-2 was immunoreactive with antibodies to a nonsecretory RNase, RNAase 1 [Yasuda et al. (1988) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 965, 185-194]. By immunoblot analysis of the protein freshly prepared from various urine samples, it was shown that a considerable amount of RNase UpI-2 is present in urine of pregnant women, but only a trace of RNase UpI-2, if any, was detected in urine of nonpregnant women and men. These results suggest the possibility that RNase UpI-2 may have been formed via a specific protein modification in pregnant women.[1]


  1. Characterization of a unique nonsecretory ribonuclease from urine of pregnant women. Sakakibara, R., Hashida, K., Kitahara, T., Ishiguro, M. J. Biochem. (1992) [Pubmed]
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