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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TReP-132 controls cell proliferation by regulating the expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21WAF1/Cip1 and p27Kip1.

The transcriptional regulating protein of 132 kDa (TReP-132) has been identified in steroidogenic tissues, where it acts as a coactivator of steroidogenic factor 1 ( SF-1). We show here that TReP-132 plays a role in the control of cell proliferation. In human HeLa cells, TReP-132 knockdown by using small interfering RNA resulted in increased G(1)-->S cell cycle progression. The growth-inhibitory effects of TReP-132 was further shown to be mediated by induction of G(1) cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21(WAF1) (p21) and p27(KIP1) (p27) expression levels. As a consequence, G(1) cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase activities and pRB phosphorylation were markedly reduced, and cell cycle progression was blocked in the G(1) phase. The stimulatory effect of TReP-132 on p21 and p27 gene transcription involved interaction of TReP-132 with the transcription factor Sp1 at proximal Sp1-binding sites in their promoters. Moreover, in different breast tumor cell lines, endogenous TReP-132 expression was positively related with a lower proliferation rate. In addition, TReP-132 knockdown resulted in enhanced cell proliferation and lowered p21 and p27 mRNA levels in the steroid-responsive and nonresponsive T-47D and MDA-MB-231 cell lines, respectively. Finally, a statistic profiling of human breast tumor samples highlighted that expression of TReP-132 is correlated with p21 and p27 levels and is associated with lower tumor incidence and aggressiveness. Together, these results identify TReP-132 as a basal cell cycle regulatory protein acting, at least in part, by interacting with Sp1 to activate the p21 and p27 gene promoters.[1]


  1. TReP-132 controls cell proliferation by regulating the expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21WAF1/Cip1 and p27Kip1. Gizard, F., Robillard, R., Barbier, O., Quatannens, B., Faucompré, A., Révillion, F., Peyrat, J.P., Staels, B., Hum, D.W. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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