The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Regulation of the expression of caspase-9 by the transcription factor activator protein-4 in glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis.

Caspase-9 (Casp-9) induces death signals by triggering other types of caspase activation, and its expression greatly influences the onset of apoptosis. During the isolation of apoptosis-related genes involved in glucocorticoid (GC)-induced cell death in murine thymic lymphomas, we found that the antisense gene of the transcription factor activator protein-4 (AP-4) inhibited dexamethasone-induced apoptosis. Western blot analysis revealed that the expression of Bcl-xL, Bax, and Apaf-1 was not affected in cells transfected with sense or antisense AP-4 genes. In contrast, both the expression and activation of Casp-9 were inhibited in the antisense AP-4 transfectants. We isolated the 2.4-kb 5'-flanking region of Casp-9, and the promoter activity was investigated. We found the AP-4-binding sites at -1.55 and -1.38 kb to be responsible for the promoter activity. Furthermore, a negative cis-element was expected to exist between bases -1140 and -944. When the cells were treated with dexamethasone, a rapid down-regulation of AP-4 and Casp-9 was observed whether the cells were GC-sensitive lymphomas or GC-insensitive L929 fibroblast cells. In addition, L929 cells pretreated with dexamethasone were found to be resistant to subsequent treatment with etoposide, an apoptosis-inducing reagent. GC has a two-sided effect on apoptosis, i.e. a pro-apoptotic effect on certain cell types and a prosurvival effect on other cell types. Our findings will explain, at least in part, this effect.[1]

References

  1. Regulation of the expression of caspase-9 by the transcription factor activator protein-4 in glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis. Tsujimoto, K., Ono, T., Sato, M., Nishida, T., Oguma, T., Tadakuma, T. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities