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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Troglitazone and 15-deoxy-delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 inhibit shear-induced coupling factor 6 release in endothelial cells.

OBJECTIVE: We previously showed that mitochondrial coupling factor 6 ( CF6), an endogenous inhibitor of prostacyclin synthesis and a vasoconstrictor, is present on the surface of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and is released outside of the cells by shear stress. We investigated the intracellular signaling mechanism for shear-induced release of CF6 in HUVEC and the effects of troglitazone and 15-deoxy-delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), both peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma ligands, on it. METHODS AND RESULTS: The release and gene expression of CF6 in HUVEC were enhanced by shear stress at 25 dyn/cm2, measured by radioimmunoassay and real-time RT-PCR, respectively. The intracellular content of CF6 was decreased after exposure to shear stress at 25 dyn/cm2. Transfection experiments with deletional and mutational CF6 promoter constructs, and with dominant negative mutant IkappaB kinase alpha (K44M) demonstrated that shear-induced CF6 transcription was dependent on nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation. Pretreatment with troglitazone or 15d-PGJ2 inhibited the shear-induced release and gene expression of CF6, whereas fenofibric acid, a PPAR-alpha ligand, had no influence on them. Western blot and immunostaining showed that troglitazone and 15d-PGJ2 inhibited the shear-induced, reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated activation of NF-kappaB at the level of IkappaB protein. CONCLUSIONS: The shear-induced gene expression and release of CF6 in HUVEC are mediated by the ROS-related activation of NF-kappaB signaling pathway. Troglitazone and 15d-PGJ2 inhibit them at the IkappaB protein level.[1]


  1. Troglitazone and 15-deoxy-delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 inhibit shear-induced coupling factor 6 release in endothelial cells. Tomita, H., Osanai, T., Toki, T., Sasaki, S., Maeda, N., Murakami, R., Magota, K., Yasujima, M., Okumura, K. Cardiovasc. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
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