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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Endogenous release and multiple actions of secretin in the rat cerebellum.

Previous studies demonstrated that secretin could modulate synaptic transmission in the rat cerebellum. In the present report, we provide evidence for the endogenous release of secretin in the cerebellum and further characterize the actions of secretin in this brain area. First, to show that secretin is released endogenously, blocks of freshly dissected cerebella were challenged with a high concentration of KCl. Incubation with KCl almost doubled the rate of secretin release. This KCl-induced release was sensitive to tetrodotoxin and cadmium suggesting the involvement of voltage-gated sodium and calcium channels. The use of specific channel blockers further revealed that L-type and P/Q-type calcium channels underlie both basal and KCl-evoked secretin release. In support of this, depolarization of Purkinje neurons in the presence of NMDA, group II mGluR and cannabinoid CB1 receptor blockers resulted in increased inhibitory postsynaptic current frequency. Second, we found that the previously reported facilitatory action of secretin on GABAergic inputs to Purkinje neurons is partly dependent on the release of endogenous glutamate. In the presence of CNQX, an AMPA/kainate receptor antagonist, the facilitatory effect of secretin on GABA release was significantly reduced. In support of this idea, application of AMPA, but not kainate receptor agonist, facilitated GABA release from inhibitory terminals, an action that was sensitive to AMPA receptor antagonists. These data indicate that a direct and an indirect pathway mediate the action of secretin in the basket cell-Purkinje neuron synapse. The results provide further and more solid evidence for the role of secretin as a neuropeptide in the mammalian CNS.[1]

References

  1. Endogenous release and multiple actions of secretin in the rat cerebellum. Lee, S.M., Chen, L., Chow, B.K., Yung, W.H. Neuroscience (2005) [Pubmed]
 
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