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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence for direct actions of melanocortin peptides on bone metabolism.

Expression of melanocortin-4 receptor ( MC4R) mRNA in developing rat limb buds, teeth, and skull bone first indicated a possible role for MC4R in bone metabolism. We therefore investigated whether MC4R mRNA was expressed in the rat osteosarcoma UMR106.06 cell line and in primary rat osteoblast cells. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Northern blot analysis, and ribonuclease protection assay (RPA) were used to demonstrate MC4R mRNA expression in UMR106.06 and primary osteoblast cells. MC4R mRNA was found to be localized to the periosteum of mouse bone using in situ hybridization. We also used RT-PCR and rat specific MC2R and MC5R oligonucleotides to amplify the correct size DNA fragments for these melanocortin receptors from rat primary osteoblasts. In conclusion, melanocortin receptor expression in mouse periosteum and rat osteoblasts suggests a direct role for POMC derived peptides in bone development and bone metabolism.[1]


  1. Evidence for direct actions of melanocortin peptides on bone metabolism. Dumont, L.M., Wu, C.S., Tatnell, M.A., Cornish, J., Mountjoy, K.G. Peptides (2005) [Pubmed]
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