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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Low-affinity state beta1-adrenoceptor-induced vasodilation in SHR.

Low-affinity state beta1-adrenoceptor (beta1-AR) was functionally expressed in some blood vessels and was different from beta1, beta2 and beta3-AR. In rat aorta, low-affinity state beta1-AR activation produced an endothelium-independent relaxation which was impaired in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). In the present work, we investigated whether renin-angiotensin system was involved in this alteration by evaluating the effects of enalapril, an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or losartan, an AT1 angiotensin receptor antagonist. Cumulative concentration-response curves to low-affinity state beta1-AR agonists (CGP 12177, cyanopindolol or alprenolol) and to NS 1619, a large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BK) agonist were performed in denuded aortic rings isolated from control or treated Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats or SHRs in different experimental conditions. The low-affinity state beta1-AR-mediated aortic vasodilation was impaired in 5 and 12 weeks old SHRs when compared to age-matched WKY. Twelve days enalapril (5 mg/kg/day) or losartan (15 mg/kg/day) treatments reduced systolic blood pressure (SBP) only in 12 weeks old SHRs whereas no significant change was observed in other groups. These treatments improved low-affinity state beta1-AR effect only in SHRs groups. In 12 weeks old WKY rats, CGP 12177-induced relaxation was insensitive to glibenclamide, a K(ATP)+ channel blocker, but was reduced by TEA or iberiotoxin, two large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel (BK) blockers. The impairment of NS 1619-induced vasodilation in both 5 and 12 weeks old SHRs was restored by enalapril or losartan. These results suggested that improvement of the low-affinity state beta1-AR-mediated vasodilation in 5 and 12 weeks old SHRs could be attributed to enhanced BK channels-induced hyperpolarization in SHRs independently of lowering of SBP.[1]


  1. Low-affinity state beta1-adrenoceptor-induced vasodilation in SHR. Mallem, M.Y., Reculeau, O., Le Coz, O., Gogny, M., Desfontis, J.C. Peptides (2005) [Pubmed]
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