The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ghrelin improves renal function in mice with ischemic acute renal failure.

Growth hormone and IGF-1 have been suggested to have tissue-protective effects. Ghrelin is a stomach-derived growth hormone secretagogue. The effects of ghrelin on ischemia/reperfusion-induced renal failure in mice were examined. Ischemic acute renal failure was induced by bilateral renal artery clamping for 45 min and reperfusion for 24 h. Ghrelin (100 microg/kg mouse) or vehicle was injected subcutaneously six times before surgery and three times after surgery every 8 h. Twenty-four hours after reperfusion, the right kidney was isolated and perfused. Acetylcholine (ACh)- and adrenomedullin-induced endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation of renal vessels significantly improved in ghrelin-pretreated mice (% Delta renal perfusion pressure by 10(-7) M ACh -63.5 +/- 3.7 versus -41.2 +/- 5.5%; P < 0.05). This change was associated with significant increases of nitric oxide release in the kidneys of ghrelin-treated mice (10(-7) M ACh 35.5 +/- 5.8 versus 16.9 +/- 3.5 fmol/g kidney per min; P < 0.05). Serum concentration of urea nitrogen (53 +/- 7 versus 87 +/- 15 mg/dl; P < 0.05) and renal injury score were significantly lower in the ghrelin group (2.5 +/- 0.8 versus 5.3 +/- 1.5; P < 0.01). Tubular apoptotic index was significantly lower in the ghrelin group (5 +/- 5 versus 28 +/- 4; P < 0.05). Furthermore, the survival rate after the 60-min ischemic period was higher in the ghrelin group (80 versus 20%; P < 0.05). Ghrelin treatment significantly increased the serum level of IGF-1. However, such renal protective effects of ghrelin on ischemia/reperfusion injury were not observed in insulin receptor substrate-2 knockout mice. These results suggest that ghrelin may protect the kidneys from ischemia/reperfusion injury and that this effect is related to an improvement of endothelial function through an IGF-1-mediated pathway.[1]


  1. Ghrelin improves renal function in mice with ischemic acute renal failure. Takeda, R., Nishimatsu, H., Suzuki, E., Satonaka, H., Nagata, D., Oba, S., Sata, M., Takahashi, M., Yamamoto, Y., Terauchi, Y., Kadowaki, T., Kangawa, K., Kitamura, T., Nagai, R., Hirata, Y. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities