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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fxr(-/-) mice adapt to biliary obstruction by enhanced phase I detoxification and renal elimination of bile acids.

Farnesoid X receptor knockout (Fxr(-/-)) mice cannot upregulate the bile salt export pump in bile acid loading or cholestatic conditions. To investigate whether Fxr(-/-) mice differ in bile acid detoxification compared with wild-type mice, we performed a comprehensive analysis of bile acids extracted from liver, bile, serum, and urine of naive and common bile duct-ligated wild-type and Fxr(-/-) mice using electrospray and gas chromatography mass spectrometry. In addition, hepatic and renal gene expression levels of Cyp2b10 and Cyp3a11, and protein expression levels of putative renal bile acid-transporting proteins, were investigated. We found significantly enhanced hepatic bile acid hydroxylation in Fxr(-/-) mice, in particular hydroxylations of cholic acid in the 1beta, 2beta, 4beta, 6alpha, 6beta, 22, or 23 position and a significantly enhanced excretion of these metabolites in urine. The gene expression level of Cyp3a11 was increased in the liver of Fxr(-/-) mice, whereas the protein expression levels of multidrug resistance-related protein 4 ( Mrp4) were increased in kidneys of both genotypes during common bile duct ligation. In conclusion, Fxr(-/-) mice detoxify accumulating bile acids in the liver by enhanced hydroxylation reactions probably catalyzed by Cyp3a11. The metabolites formed were excreted into urine, most likely with the participation of Mrp4.[1]


  1. Fxr(-/-) mice adapt to biliary obstruction by enhanced phase I detoxification and renal elimination of bile acids. Marschall, H.U., Wagner, M., Bodin, K., Zollner, G., Fickert, P., Gumhold, J., Silbert, D., Fuchsbichler, A., Sjövall, J., Trauner, M. J. Lipid Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
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