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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Steroidogenic factor 1 gene transcription is inhibited by transforming growth factor beta.

The orphan nuclear receptor, steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1), plays a major role in adrenal and gonadal development, as well as in sexual differentiation. It has been demonstrated that the expression of a number of genes regulated by SF-1 is inhibited by the transforming growth factor, (TGF-beta). To date, however, the influence of TGF-beta on the expression of SF-1 gene has not been reported. A Northern blot analysis with the use of a radiolabeled cDNA probe, and immunodetection with antibodies directed against SF-1, demonstrated that the Sf-1 transcript and the SF-1 protein levels were lowered by TGF-beta in Y-1 adrenocortical cells, both in untreated and adenylyl cyclase activator, forskolin-treated cells. An examination of the Sf-1 transcript stability in the presence of actinomycin D revealed no influence of TGF-beta on the rate of Sf-1 mRNA decay. Inhibition of Sf-1 expression by TGF-beta was abolished by cycloheximide, suggesting that the growth factor inhibitory effect requires ongoing protein synthesis. We conclude that in Y-1 cells TGF-beta inhibits the expression of SF-1 gene at a transcriptional level, and we postulate that the inhibitory effect of TGF-beta on steroid hormone synthesis in the adrenal cortex could be due to an attenuated transcription of Sf-1.[1]


  1. Steroidogenic factor 1 gene transcription is inhibited by transforming growth factor beta. Lehmann, T.P., Biernacka-Lukanty, J.M., Trzeciak, W.H., Li, J.Y. Endocr. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
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