The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stress-induced cholinergic signaling promotes inflammation-associated thrombopoiesis.

To study the role of the stress-induced "readthrough" acetylcholinesterase splice variant, AChE-R, in thrombopoiesis, we used transgenic mice overexpressing human AChE-R (TgR). Increased AChE hydrolytic activity in the peripheral blood of TgR mice was associated with increased thrombopoietin levels and platelet counts. Bone marrow (BM) progenitor cells from TgR mice presented an elevated capacity to produce mixed (GEMM) and megakaryocyte (Mk) colonies, which showed intensified labeling of AChE-R and its interacting proteins RACK1 and PKC. When injected with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), parent strain FVB/N mice, but not TgR mice, showed reduced platelet counts. Therefore, we primed human CD34+ cells with the synthetic ARP26 peptide, derived from the cleavable C-terminus of AChE-R prior to transplantation, into sublethally irradiated NOD/SCID mice. Engraftment of human cells (both CD45+ and CD41+ Mk) was significantly increased in mice that received ARP26-primed CD34+ human cells versus mice that received fresh nonprimed CD34+ human cells. Moreover, ARP26 induced polyploidization and proplatelet shedding in human MEG-01 promegakaryotic cells, and human platelet engraftment increased following ex vivo expansion of ARP26-treated CD34+ cells as compared to cells expanded with thrombopoietin and stem cell factor. Our findings implicate AChE-R in thrombopoietic recovery, suggesting new therapeutic modalities for supporting platelet production.[1]


  1. Stress-induced cholinergic signaling promotes inflammation-associated thrombopoiesis. Pick, M., Perry, C., Lapidot, T., Guimaraes-Sternberg, C., Naparstek, E., Deutsch, V., Soreq, H. Blood (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities