The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glycosaminoglycan-binding properties and aggrecanase activities of truncated ADAMTSs: comparative analyses with ADAMTS-5, -9, -16 and -18.

Aggrecanases are ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type I motifs) proteases capable of primary (patho)physiological cleavage at specific Glu-Xaa bonds within the core protein of the hyaluronan-binding proteoglycan aggrecan. Accumulating evidence suggests that regulation of the activity of one such aggrecanase, ADAMTS-4 (or Aggrecanase-1), involves post-translational C-terminal processing (truncation) which modulates both glycosaminoglycan (GAG)-binding affinity and enzymatic activity. In the present study, we compared the effects of C-terminal truncation on the GAG-binding properties and aggrecanase activity of ADAMTS-5 (Aggrecanase-2) relative to three other ADAMTS family members, ADAMTS-9, ADAMTS-16 and ADAMTS-18. Full-length recombinant human ADAMTS-5 (M(r) approximately 85 kDa; ADAMTS-5p85) underwent autolytic cleavage during expression by CHO/A2 cells, and co-purified with C-terminally truncated (tr) isoforms of M(r) approximately 60 kDa (ADAMTS-5p60 and M(r) approximately 45 kDa (ADAMTS-5p45). All three ADAMTS-5 isoforms bound to sulfated GAGs (heparin and chondroitin sulfate (CS)). An ADAMTS-5p45 structural mimetic, terminating at Phe628 and comprising the catalytic domain, disintegrin-like domain and thrombospondin type I repeat (TSR)-1 domain (designated trADAMTS-5F628), also bound to heparin, and exhibited potent aggrecanase activity toward cleavage sites both in the aggrecan CS-2-attachment region (at Glu1771-Ala1772) and in the interglobular domain (at Glu373-Ala374). Further truncation (deletion of the TSR-1 domain) of ADAMTS-5 significantly reduced aggrecanase activity, although appreciable GAG (heparin)-binding affinity was maintained. Other TSR-1 domain-bearing truncated ADAMTS constructs demonstrating either positive GAG- binding ability (trADAMTS-9F649) or negligible GAG-affinity (trADAMTS-16F647 and trADAMTS-18F650) displayed comparably low aggrecanase activities. Thus, the presence of TSR-1 on truncated ADAMTSs appears to be necessary, but not sufficient, for effective aggrecanase-mediated catalysis of target Glu-Xaa bonds. Similarly, GAG-binding ability, irrespective of the presence of a TSR-1 domain, does not necessarily empower truncated ADAMTSs with proficient aggrecanase activity.[1]


  1. Glycosaminoglycan-binding properties and aggrecanase activities of truncated ADAMTSs: comparative analyses with ADAMTS-5, -9, -16 and -18. Zeng, W., Corcoran, C., Collins-Racie, L.A., Lavallie, E.R., Morris, E.A., Flannery, C.R. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities