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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

GADD153 mediates celecoxib-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cells.

Celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, is known to possess anti-inflammatory activity and also induces apoptosis in various types of cancer cells. Here, we examined the molecular mechanism of celecoxib-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cell lines (HeLa, CaSki and C33A). Screening of a cDNA microarray chip containing 225 different genes revealed that GADD153 (growth arrest and DNA damage inducible gene), a transcription factor involved in apoptosis, showed the strongest differential expression following celecoxib treatment in all three cervical cancer cell lines. Notably, siRNA-induced silencing of GADD153 suppressed celecoxib-induced apoptosis in all three cell lines, and exogenous expression of GADD153 triggered apoptosis in cervical cancer cells in the absence of other apoptotic stimuli. A luciferase reporter gene assay and mRNA stability tests revealed that the expression of GADD153 was regulated at both the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels following celecoxib treatment. The region between -649 and -249, containing an intact C/EBP- ATF binding site, is required for celecoxib-induced stimulation of GADD153 promoter activity. In terms of signaling pathway, addition of the NF-kappaB inhibitor, N-tosyl-l-phenylalanyl-chloromethyl ketone, had no effect on GADD153 expression levels. Celecoxib treatment induced Bak expression, whereas cell transfected with siGADD153 showed lower levels of celecoxib-induced Bak upregulation. These novel findings collectively suggest that GADD153 may play a key role in celecoxib-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cells by regulating the expression of proapoptotic proteins such as Bak.[1]


  1. GADD153 mediates celecoxib-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cells. Kim, S.H., Hwang, C.I., Park, W.Y., Lee, J.H., Song, Y.S. Carcinogenesis (2006) [Pubmed]
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